Introduction to HTML
Because the less than symbol is special (it starts a tag) you can't
type it in as a simple character. So -- what if you just want the character?
The answer is to use entity references. THis is an HTML mechanisms
for entering these special characters using special codes. The following
table shows the special codes on the left, and the resulting character on
| < || <
| > || >
| " || "
| & || &
The special references begin with the ampersand (&) and end with a
semicolon. Becasue this makes the ampersand special, you need to use
the special & reference to actually type an ampersand.
There are also a lot of special references for accented and other
special characters commonly used in western European languages. A list
of these is found at: